The deficiency or surplus of hormones in the blood is called hormonal imbalance. Hormones are chemicals secreted by different glands in the endocrine system. These chemicals travel through the blood to the tissues and organs and give the message to the organ. That message then maneuvers the organ to respond to any scenario; whether it is happiness, sadness, anger, love, or any situation.
Hormones play a vital role in maintaining various psychological processes and overall health in the human body. If hormones are balanced, the body responds to every situation in the right direction. One can enjoy happiness, react positively to any bad news, and can even enjoy life to the fullest extent. Apart from this, from a medical perspective, hormones help regulate:
- Blood sugar
- Blood pressure
- Reproductive cycles and sexual function
- General growth and development
- Mood and stress levels
- Sleep and circadian rhythms
- Fluid and electrolyte balance
- Body temperature
However, due to various reasons, particularly in women, the level of hormones in the body gets disturbed. Therefore, for the sake of guidance, we have compiled this blog for you in which we will discuss hormonal imbalance reasons, symptoms, and treatment options for females to balance out hormonal imbalance again.
Reasons for Hormonal Imbalance
As females are more likely to develop hormonal imbalance disorders than men because of different endocrine organs and cycles. One thing you need to remember is that each woman’s situation is unique, and there are many factors that can contribute to hormonal imbalances. The factors include medical conditions, natural phenomena, and lifestyle. Read on to learn about the reasons in detail.
Certain medical conditions can also lead to disturbing the hormonal balance of a woman. The medical conditions include:
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI): A condition where the ovaries fail to produce normal levels of reproductive hormones, leading to irregular periods and early menopause.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): A common endocrine disorder that can cause an imbalance of reproductive hormones, leading to irregular periods, acne, excess hair growth, and infertility.
Turner syndrome: Some females are born with only one X-functioning chromosome.
Addison’s disease: A rare disorder in which the adrenal glands don’t produce enough cortisol and aldosterone, causing fatigue, weight loss, and hormonal imbalances.
Cushing’s syndrome: A rare condition caused by excessive cortisol production, leading to weight gain, high blood pressure, and menstrual irregularities.
Pituitary tumors: Tumours on the pituitary gland can interfere with hormone production and regulation, leading to hormonal imbalances.
Hormone-secreting tumors: Some tumors can produce hormones, leading to imbalances in the body.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH): A group of inherited disorders that affect the adrenal glands, causing an imbalance of hormones responsible for regulating metabolism, immune response, and other essential functions.
- Overproduction of growth hormones.
- Overproduction of glucagon.
- Ovarian cancer
By nature, women go through different stages that can contribute to hormonal imbalances. The stages include:
- Reaching puberty
- Hormone replacement or birth control medication
- Chronic stress
- Lack of exercise
- Environmental exposure
- Poor diet and nutrition
Symptoms of Hormonal Imbalance in Females
As hormones become imbalanced, different signs and symptoms start appearing. In most cases, the signs are clear and easy to identify; still, it is necessary to consult with a gynecologist to confirm the hormonal imbalance. Some symptoms of hormonal imbalance in men and women are common. In females, the symptoms more frequently include:
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Puffy face
- Blood pressure fluctuation
- Blurred vision
- Mood swings
- Excessive sweating
- Increased thirst
- Difficulty sleeping
- Irregular menstrual cycle
- Breast tenderness
- Blood sugar imbalance
- A bulge in the neck
- Weak/brittle bones
- Changes in sensitivity to cold or heat
- Brittle/thinning hair
- Appetite fluctuations
- Changes in heart rate
- Decreased drive for sexual intercourse
- Deepening of the voice
- Skin rashes or dry skin
- Irritability and anxiety
- Unexpected weight loss/weight gain
- During menstruation, women may face pain in the abdomen or the back
- Excessive hair growth
Treatments for Hormonal Imbalance in Females
Every woman has her own deficiencies. Therefore, the choice of treatment depends on the underlying cause, the specific hormone imbalance, and the patient’s symptoms and preferences. Therefore, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice. Some common treatments for hormonal imbalance in women include:
The primary goal of vaginal estrogen treatment is to restore estrogen levels in the vaginal tissues, which can help relieve various symptoms like vaginal dryness, itching, burning, and discomfort during intercourse. By targeting the vaginal area directly, the therapy can help improve the health of the vaginal tissues without significantly affecting the overall systemic estrogen level
Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
HRT treatment is typically used to relieve menopausal symptoms caused by a decline in estrogen and progesterone levels. This treatment can be administered as pills, patches, gels, creams, or vaginal preparations.
Birth Control Pills
Oral contraceptives can help regulate hormone levels, particularly for women experiencing irregular periods, heavy bleeding, or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). They contain synthetic forms of estrogen and progesterone, which can help regulate the menstrual cycle and hormonal balance.
For women with irregular periods, heavy bleeding, or endometriosis, progestin therapy can help regulate the menstrual cycle and alleviate symptoms. Progestin can be taken orally or via an intrauterine device (IUD).
This medication is commonly prescribed for women with PCOS to help manage insulin resistance and reduce the production of androgens, thereby improving hormonal balance.
These medications are used to block the action of androgens, which can help manage symptoms of hormonal imbalances like hirsutism (excessive hair growth) and acne.
Lifestyle Changes that Can Help Reduce the Symptoms of Hormonal Imbalance in Females
Adopting healthy lifestyle habits can help women maintain hormonal balance and reduce the risk of related health issues. Here are some lifestyle changes to consider:
Maintain a balanced diet:
Eating a nutrient-rich diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, lean protein, whole grains, and healthy fats can support hormone production and regulation. Limiting processed foods, added sugars, and excessive caffeine or alcohol consumption is also beneficial.
Engaging in regular physical activity, such as aerobic exercises, strength training, and flexibility exercises, can help maintain hormonal balance, reduce stress, and improve overall well-being.
Chronic stress can lead to hormonal imbalances. Incorporate stress management techniques into your daily routine, such as mindfulness, meditation, yoga, deep breathing exercises, or spending time in nature.
Get enough sleep:
Aim for 7-9 hours of quality sleep each night to support hormone regulation and overall health. Establish a consistent sleep schedule, create a relaxing bedtime routine, and make your sleep environment comfortable and conducive to rest.
Maintain a healthy body weight:
Being overweight or underweight can affect hormone levels. Focus on a balanced diet and regular exercise to achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
Limit exposure to endocrine disruptors:
Chemicals found in some plastics, personal care products, and pesticides can interfere with hormone function. Opt for natural and organic products when possible, and reduce exposure to potential endocrine-disrupting chemicals.
Smoking can negatively affect hormone levels and overall health. If you smoke, seek support to quit and minimize your exposure to secondhand smoke.
Limit caffeine and alcohol intake:
Excessive caffeine or alcohol consumption can contribute to hormonal imbalances. Consume these substances in moderation, and consider reducing or eliminating them if you’re experiencing hormonal issues.
Drinking enough water supports overall health, including hormone regulation. Aim to drink at least 8 cups (64 ounces) of water per day or more, depending on your activity level and individual needs.
Consult a healthcare professional:
If you suspect a hormonal imbalance, seek advice from a healthcare professional. They can provide guidance on lifestyle changes, supplements, or medications that may help restore hormonal balance.
Hormonal imbalances can lead to various health issues, so it is essential to maintain a healthy lifestyle and consult with a healthcare professional if any concerns arise. At Euromed Clinic Dubai, our qualified gynaecologists and other healthcare professionals provide proper diagnosis and treatment that can help manage symptoms and prevent potential complications related to hormonal imbalances. If you want to book your appointment with them, please call us at +971 4 394 5422