Uterine polyps refer to the growths attached to the inner uterine wall and extend into the uterine cavity. Also known as endometrial polyps, they develop due to the cell overgrowth in the uterus lining. Generally, uterine polyps are non-cancerous, but some of them can be cancerous as well. Therefore, it is necessary to identify and treat them on time.
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It is essential to know how Uterine Polyps diagnosis is performed and how they are treated because it helps you prevent this infectious disease.
So, let’s learn more about uterine polyps diagnosis and treatment.
How are Uterine Polyps Diagnosed?
Your doctor inquires about your medical history in an initial consultation session. This history contains information related to your menstrual cycle. For example, when you had your last periods, how long they last, how frequent you have them, etc. Also, you need to let your doctor know about the strange symptoms you are experiencing. They might also ask questions regarding pregnancy.
After that, a screening test will be performed, and there is a possibility of some additional tests as well. Your doctor may prescribe some medication before the test. Following are the screening tests that you may need to administer.
- Transvaginal ultrasound – This diagnostic test is performed by using a device known as an ultrasound. The doctor inserts this device into the vagina, which reveals the inner side of your uterus in the form of an image. The doctor will examine the image and check if there are any irregularities.
- Endometrial biopsy – A soft plastic instrument is utilized to collect tissues from the inner walls of your uterus. Afterward, the sample is sent to the laboratory for further analysis.
- Hysteroscopy – This procedure can be used for both the diagnosis and the treatment of uterine polyps. A thin tube with the lighted end is inserted into your uterus that allows the doctor to examine the inner side of the uterus. Furthermore, the surgery can also be combined with hysteroscopy to remove the polyps.
What are the Treatment Options?
The doctors may recommend you any of the following treatment options.
- Watchful waiting – If the symptoms are minor, they might resolve on their own. In such a condition, you may just wait for a specific time and watch if things are getting better or not.
- Medication – Your doctor may prescribe you some medicines that will assist you in correcting your hormonal imbalance. These medicines may include gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists and progestins that are effective in reducing the symptoms. However, this procedure may work for a short time period, and you will start noticing the symptoms again once you stop using medicines.
- Surgical removal – This option is considered the best if you want to achieve long-term benefits. A specific device is inserted into your uterus, and polyps are removed from that area. Afterward, the sample is sent to the laboratory so that further examination can be performed.
- Surgical removal. It is performed in combination with hysteroscopy, where an instrument is inserted into your uterus through a hysteroscope. This instrument helps remove the polyps from the uterine wall. The surgically removed polyp is then sent to a lab for microscopic examination.
In case your uterine polyp contains cancerous cells, your doctor will discuss it with you and plan further treatment and evaluation
Uterine polyps are common among females and can be treated in different ways. Some possible treatment options are mentioned above. However, you should consult a gynecologist before choosing any treatment. Here, at Euromed Clinic Center, we are providing uterine polyps diagnosis and treatment under the supervision of expert and board-certified gynecologists. You can book your consultation by filling the form below or calling us.