Treatment of hair disorders

Dermatology can not only help with conditions of the skin on our bodies, but also with hair and scalp related problems. Everyone dreams of a head full of thick, shiny and nourished hair, but sometimes hair disorders can get in the way of this. Here at Euromed, Dr Irena is an expert in all forms of Hair Loss and Scalp Conditions, and can help you treat and manage any hair problems that are causing discomfort, pain, or cosmetic embarrassment.

What hair disorders can be treated?

Hair Loss

There are many different forms of hair loss, each with a wide range of symptoms and causes. Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss, and it can present itself in a number of different ways.

Male/Female Androgenetic Alopecia

Also known as male/female pattern balding, this condition is extremely common in and can affect up to 50% of the population. This form of hair loss is caused by the shaft of the hair becoming so small over time that it no longer protrudes beyond the level of the skin on the scalp. Androgenetic Alopecia typically affects the hair at the crown of the head, leaving the front hairline unchanged. This can leave your hair looking uneven in texture with noticeable thin patches to the top of the head, and can cause distress and a severe loss of self-confidence.

Alopecia Areata

This form of hair loss is also known as Autoimmune Alopeica, and it presents itself as patches of baldness throughout the scalp and male beard and sometimes the nails. Most commonly affecting young people in their teens and 20’s, this autoimmune inflammatory condition is unpredictable as there can be a cycle of developing bald patches, regrowth and then the reappearance of the patches. Alopecia Areata is caused by the body’s own white blood cells attacking the hair follicles, which results in the hair falling out in uneven patches.

Telogen Effluvium

Telogen Effluvium is a condition that occurs when sudden or severe stress causes the hair to shed at a much higher rate than is normal. A high stress event or environment can cause the hair follicles to stop growing and enter into the resting (telogen) phase prematurely. The hair will then remain in this resting phase for 3 months before shedding, meaning that the hair loss will occur several months after the period of stress. Whilst this condition is temporary and the hair will regrow after a period of time, the hair loss can deeply affect the sufferer and leave them with low self-confidence.

The Treatments

Mesotherapy with cocktails , Mesotherapy with PRP –

This treatment involves a customised blend of vitamins and antioxidants being placed under the skin in order to stimulate collagen and boost hydration. Often used as method of anti-aging in skincare, this procedure also has amazing benefits for hair loss conditions. The PRP (plasma rich platelets) used in the Mesotherapy injection contain a high concentration of activated platelets from the patient’s own blood, and these cells have the capacity to repair the damaged tissue by means of specific growth factors and anti-inflammatory proteins. During the procedure, either the customised blend of vitamins and antioxidants or the PRP will be injected in small doses with fine needles, or with a specialist Mesotherapy gun, directly under the scalp into the hair follicles. By targeting these specific areas, the solution can reach exactly where needed and deliver a much more effective result. After only 3 short treatments patients will notice a reduction in hair loss, and by3 months time the hair growth will be noticeably improved. Topical Creams and Lotions – There are several different topical options to consider when suffering from hair loss. Topical Corticosteroids are widely prescribed for treating Alopecia Areata, and come in foam, gel, or lotion form depending on your individual preference. For Female Androgenetic Alopecia and Telogen Effluvium, Minoxidil lotion/ Minoxidil free lotions, serums are applied to the scalp and helps by stimulating hair regrowth after 12 weeks.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic Dermatitis of the scalp is an inflammation of the skin that can result in an itchy, dry and flaky scalp. This condition can also affect the frontal hairline, eyebrows and behind the ears. The obvious visibility of this hair condition can leave patients feeling embarrassed and reluctant to socialise as normal, but Dr Irena is here to help manage symptoms and restore confidence. Although there is no cure for Seborrheic Dermatitis, the condition can be controlled using specialised medicated shampoos, lotions, creams, supplements and tablets. The anti-yeast and anti-fungal properties of the shampoo help lessen the symptoms of this condition, and can drastically improve the look and feel of the scalp. Dr Irena is determined to help all sufferers of hair disorders regain their confidence through effective treatment and compassionate care. If you feel that you can benefit from the knowledge and passion of a leading dermatologist, then get in touch and arrange your consultation with Dr Irena today.

Treatment of nail disorders

Most people know that our nails protect the delicate tissue of our fingers and toes, as well as being useful tools in our day-to-day lives, but many don’t realise that nails have the further amazing ability to act as a barometer. A skilled dermatologist such as Dr Irena can use the nails as a means of diagnosing a wide number of health-related issues, such as heart disease, diabetes and nail cancer. The most common diagnosis of a nail disorder is Onychomycosis, or Fungal Nail Infection, and this condition occurs predominantly on the toenail.

What can cause or trigger a Fungal Nail Infection?

  • Age – The risks of developing a Fungal Nail Infection increases with age, as the rate of nail growth slows and there is a greater chance of additional health problems.
  • Diabetes – This affects the circulatory system, which in turn can increase the risk of a Fungal Nail Infection.
  • Sports – Some sports, such as swimming, can increase your exposure to pathogenic fungi that causes infections.
  • Psoriasis and Immunodeficiency – Suffering from an autoimmune related disease, or a weakened immune system, can increase the risk of a Fungal Nail Infection.

What is a Fungal Nail Infection?

Over half of all nail disorders are diagnosed as Fungal Nail Infections, and this condition can affect both the fingernails and the toenails. Pathogenic fungus thrives in moist and warm conditions, and so the organisms find the perfect environment in feet that are confined in shoes, or hands that have been exposed to water for long periods of time. After the fungi spreads to the nails, Dr Irena will then examine your nails in order to determine the root of the condition and to confirm that there is a fungal infection. Occasionally laboratory testing will be required to confirm the diagnosis before treatment can begin.

What treatment options are available?

  • Oral Treatments – There are several tablets that can be prescribed after a Fungal Nail Infection diagnosis.The anti-fungal agents that are contained in the capsules or tablets travel through the blood stream to the nail, which enables a more concentrated treatment of the infection.
  • Topical Treatments – Although it can take up to 12 months to see results, topical solutions applied directly to the nail are the safest and most non-invasive form of treatment. Working best when the infection is at an early stage, this treatment involves the application of a nail lacquer or solution as well as the regular filing down of the infected nail.
  • Laser Treatment – The most innovative and effective way to treat Fungal Nail Infections, Laser therapy allows a fast and efficient method of tackling stubborn and unsightly nail infections with no pain or discomfort. The laser uses light pulse energy in order to penetrate the nail, and destroy the fungus on the nail plate below using photocoagulation. In only four 30-minute sessions, the fungal infection will be eliminated allowing for the regrowth of your healthy nail.

Manicures and pedicures are one of life’s little pleasures, and if you are missing out on this luxury due to a Fungal Nail Infection then it is time to take action! At Euromed, Dr Irena offers simple and effective ways to treat nail infections and re-establish healthy nails. Call for a consultation today, and discover how easy it is to get the beautiful nails you have always dreamed of.

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Dr. Irena Ivanovska
Qualified in Dermatology and Venereology, Dr. Irena boasts more than nine years of experience in out-patient treatments with various dermatological cases and non-surgical facial rejuvenation procedure. During her studies at the Medical Faculty, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University Dr Irena was very active in HERA (Health Education and Research Association) team, which influenced her professional and personal development and inspired her love and commitment to continued learning. As a devoted doctor, Dr Irena keeps up-to-date with the latest world trends in dermatology and venereology and frequently collaborates and studies with some of the world’s most…
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