Warts Removal Treatment

Home Dermatology Warts Removal Treatment

Warts are small, benign skin growths caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV). They have a rough and bristle texture and appear anywhere on the skin. Typically, warts are harmless, noncancerous bumps that do not cause pain. However, some may cause slight discomfort, especially when they appear on sensitive parts of the skin. Although warts are harmless and noncancerous, warts removal is necessary because they are contagious and may spread to other body parts. Moreover, they can grow in size if left untreated. Different safe and effective warts removal treatment options can help remove these unwanted skin growths.

How many types of warts are there?

There are different types of skin warts, including:

  • Common Warts

common-wartsSmall, grainy skin growths that typically develop on fingers and toes are called common warts (verrucae vulgaris). These warts are round in shape and are rough to the touch. Some common warts may also have a pattern of tiny black or grey dots. These tiny spots are small clotted blood vessels.

Common warts are contagious and are caused by HPV, infecting the skin through scrapes, cuts, and wounds. Such warts are typically non-threatening and disappear on their own.

  • Filiform Warts

filform-wartsFiliform warts are also called facial warts, as they usually appear around the lips, nose, or eyelids. These non-cancerous warts are caused by HPV and are highly contagious, spreading through skin contact. Such warts have brown, pink, yellow, or skin color with long and narrow projections that can extend to 1-2 millimeters. Typically, filiform warts do not form clusters or cause pain.

However, if they cause discomfort, patients must consult an expert immediately.

  • Flat Warts

flat-wartsFlat warts are flat or slightly raised skin warts that usually occur in clusters. They occur in a group or in a line due to scratching or shaving. These warts have a pink, yellow, or brownish colors and may not be immediately noticeable due to their small size. Such warts commonly affect arms, thighs, and the face.

These warts are also called juvenile warts because they commonly occur in children and young adults. Since they are benign, they are not harmful and typically pain-free.

  • Periungual Warts

periungalWarts that grow in the grooves of the nail folds around the nail beds are called periungual warts. These warts develop around or under the finger and toenails. In some cases, the nail covers the periungual wart while in others it creates a round and raised shape around the nail.

Periungual warts are usually painful and obstruct nail growth. Moreover, if they are not treated in time, they can cause infection and permanent disfigurement of the nails or nail beds.

  • Plantar Warts

Plantar-wartsPlantar warts grow on the heels or weight-bearing parts of the feet. The human papilloma skin virus also causes these warts. Plantar warts are different from other warts because they grow into the skin instead of out of it. Due to this, walking becomes painful with plantar warts. While plantar warts are non-cancerous, if they are not treated in time, they can grow in size and number. Moreover, they can make a person’s gait or posture change permanently.

What causes warts?

There are not many warts causes because the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is usually responsible. Knowing the type of HPV is essential for proper warts treatment. There are more than a hundred types of HPV, causing different types of warts. Usually, an expert detects the underlying HPV strain and treats the wart accordingly.

The HPV virus can transmit through direct or indirect contact from one person to another. For instance, through a handshake, a hug, or using a towel of an affected person. Moreover, some strains of HPV are also sexually transmitted. Typically, it takes 2-6 months for a wart to develop after an individual has been exposed to the virus. Some warts may disappear on their own after the virus leaves the body, but others need to be removed.

Risk Factors of Warts

While HPV is the only cause of warts, some risk factors increase the risk of growing warts. These risk factors include:

  • Age – warts commonly occur in children, adolescents, and young adults
  • Weak immune system – weak immunity leads to catching viral infections, like HPV
  • Skin damage – wounded, cut, or punctured skin is more likely to develop warts
  • Physical or sexual contact with a carrier – people and surfaces exposed to HPV can easily transmit it to others

Warts Signs and Symptoms

There is no extensive list of symptoms for warts as they can be easily detected through their appearance. The skin on the area affected by warts changes appearance and becomes rough and bumpy. A single wart affects a small area, while a cluster of warts affects a larger area of the skin.

Although warts are generally benign and pain-free, some may cause discomfort. Moreover, some warts may change color, which can be concerning. If you have such skin growths on any body part causing pain, you should consider warts removal treatment.

Diagnosis

Before performing any cosmetic or medical procedure for skin warts removal, a professional diagnosis is required. Sometimes patients cannot identify a skin growth or misdiagnose it as a wart. In such cases, an expert can help determine if the growth is actually a wart and rightfully diagnose its type. They will perform a visual examination to diagnose different types of warts. However, a pap test, DNA test, or a vinegar solution test may be needed for diagnosing genital warts.

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Warts Removal Treatment Techniques

Warts are contagious and irritating noncancerous bumps or skin growths. While most warts may fall off naturally over time, getting them removed to stop their spread is better. Skin warts removal can be carried out using different techniques, including:

  • Cryotherapy

Cryotherapy, also known as freezing, is a cosmetic procedure that includes frosting a wart using liquid argon gas or fluid nitrogen. This treatment is most suitable for plantar (foot) wart treatment. An expert applies the mixture to the wart with a cotton swab during the treatment. It leads to dead tissues falling out within a week.

  • Laser Treatment

The laser excision technique can be used for removing prominent warts. An expert will administer local or general (in case of oral lesions) anesthesia to the treatment area during the procedure. After numbing the skin, they will use intense laser beams to consume and decimate the wart tissues. The laser goes through the upper layer of the skin – the dermis. It executes the tiny veins that nourish the wart close to the dermis – the skin’s center layer. It targets the wart to the point that it falls off.

  • Chemical Peels

Chemical peels performed with salicylic acid are a viable technique to dispose of warts. Salicylic acid is essentially a keratolytic prescription. Therefore, it can break the protein that makes up the wart and the thick layer of dead skin surmounting it. If a chemical peel is combined with cryotherapy, it can give excellent outcomes.

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Results of Warts Removal

The recovery after warts removal is quick and uneventful. Candidates may experience mild pain or discomfort during this period. Moreover, some temporary scarring may also occur, but it will not last more than a few days.

Laser warts removal offers better results for preventing the regrowth of warts, but the results are not permanent. Moreover, multiple warts removal sessions may be required to achieve the desired result and there is a chance for warts reappearing in different locations.

Periungual-Warts-before-and-after-imagesFiliform-Warts-facial-warts-results-after-treatment

Plantar-warts-result-after-the-treatmentcommon-warts-before-and-after-treatment-results

Warts Removal FAQs

What doctor do I go to for wart removal?

Although warts are generally harmless and may go away on their own, some may need treatment. In order to get rid of warts from different body areas, candidates can consult dermatologists.

Can warts be cured permanently?

A wart can be removed, but the virus causing it cannot be cured permanently. It means that we can prevent warts from spreading and diminish their appearance through warts removal treatment. But we will remain prone to developing new warts as long as the HPV stays inside our bodies.

How long do warts last?

Most warts go away on their own, but there is no timeline for that. As far as HPV – the virus causing warts – is concerned, it can take 1-2 years to leave the body. However, this duration varies in individuals of different ages. Warts usually last longer in older children and young adults.

Is a wart a skin lesion?

Warts are noncancerous skin lesions caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). These lesions are typically contagious and can grow on any body part.

How can I remove a wart without surgery?

Most people look for alternatives to surgical removal of warts. There are different non-surgical options available for getting rid of warts, including salicylic acid peels, cryotherapy, and laser treatment.

Contact our Dermatologists

Before undergoing warts removal treatment, it is better to consult an expert. At Euromed Clinic Center, we have a team of board-certified skin specialists and dermatologists who can guide you. So, please schedule an appointment by filling out the online form or giving us a call.

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    Dr. Fazeela Abbasi has been in the field of dermatology since 2003. She is a DHA-licensed dermatologist specializing in advanced laser techniques, Botox, PRP therapy, rosacea treatment, etc.

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