Cancer Screening and Detection

Home Family Medicine Clinic Cancer Screening and Detection

According to statistics from the World Health Organization, cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for one in every six deaths. In the UAE, it is the third leading cause of mortality. However, most types of cancers are treatable when diagnosed in the early stages. That is why cancer screening through blood tests is important; it can help identify different types of cancers even before they progress. Early detection of cancer saves lives and prolong the life of patients. 

What is Cancer Screening?

Cancer screening involves tests done to help find the early signs of cancer such as abnormal cells that may become cancerous even if the patient does not exhibit any symptoms. It can help to detect cancer when it is in the early stages, which is when most cancer treatments are likely to be successful. In some cases, treating these early changes can prevent cancer from developing or spreading in the first place. 

Cancer screening can help with the early detection of different types of cancer, but most commonly the following types:

  • Cervical cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Colon cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Lung cancer

Early Symptoms of Cancer

As cancer starts to develop, it can begin to push or grow on nearby blood vessels, nerves, and organs. This pressure translates into some of the symptoms of cancer, which include:

  • Unexplained weight gain or loss
  • Fatigue that doesn’t improve with rest
  • Lumps anywhere in the body
  • Eating issues such as trouble swallowing, nausea, not feeling hungry, and vomiting
  • Persistant pain 
  • Persistent hoarseness or cough
  • Skin changes, including sores that do not heal, lumps, new moles or changes in existing moles, or jaundice
  • Unusual bruising or bleeding
  • Headaches
  • Night sweats or fevers
  • Hearing or vision problems
  • Mouth problems, including numbness, bleeding, sores, or pain

How Can Cancer be Detected At an Early Stage?

Diagnosing most types of cancer in their early stages often provides the best chance for treatment or cure. If a particular type of cancer is prevalent in your family, it is important to go for an annual cancer screening. However, because cancer can affect anyone, regular checkups and screenings are recommended. Studies show that early cancer screening saves lives by facilitating early diagnosis.

Screening tests for cancer include:

  • Blood protein test
  • Complete Blood Count (CBC)
  • Biopsy
  • Circulating tumor cells test
  • Brain tumor test
  • X-ray
  • Ultrasound
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Computerized Tomography scan (CT scan)
  • Positron Emission Tomography scan (PET scan)

Types of Different Cancer Screening Tests

There are various forms of cancer and each type of cancer has its unique screening tests. Below are some of the different types of cancer and the types of tests done to diagnose them:

Breast Cancer Screening

Breast self-examination: This test allows a woman to check herself for any changes in her breasts, such as lumps, by looking and feeling.

Clinical breast examination: This involves a medical professional looking and feeling for any changes in a woman’s breast, including the nipples and breast skin.

Mammography: This x-ray technique is designed specifically for breast examination and can reveal irregularities or tumors.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): MRI is particularly useful for detecting cancer in women at higher risk, with dense breasts, or who have lumps identified in a breast exam.

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Colorectal Cancer Screening

Colonoscopy: This test involves the practitioner inserting a colonoscope, a flexible lighted tube, into the rectum to check for polyps or cancer. 

Stool DNA tests: This test analyzes the DNA from a stool sample to look for signs of cancer. By detecting changes in polyps, this test can help a doctor decide if a colonoscopy is necessary.

Sigmoidoscopy: A sigmoidoscope, a flexible lighted tube, is used in this test to check for polyps and cancer in the lower colon. 

Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT): This test locates blood in the stool which can be a sign of polyps.

Double-contrast barium enema: This is an x-ray performed on the colon and rectum. By outlining the colon and rectum, the barium enema makes these areas more visible during x-rays. This test is used on people who cannot undergo a colonoscopy. 

Prostate Cancer Screening

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test: This is a blood test that measures the level of PSA. Men with prostate cancer usually have higher than normal levels of PSA. 

Digital rectal examination: This test involves a doctor inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into a man’s rectum to feel the surface of the prostate for any irregularities.

What is Genetic Testing for Cancer?

Genetic testing for cancer helps in estimating the chances of a person developing cancer in their lifetime. It involves searching for specific changes or mutations in an individual’s genes, proteins, or chromosomes.

Some types of cancers that a person can undergo genetic testing include:

  • Breast cancer
  • Colon cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Sarcoma
  • Melanoma
  • Stomach cancer
  • Kidney cancer

Get The Cost

What is the cost of cancer screening test in Dubai?

Cancer comes in various forms and each type requires a different screening test for diagnosis. Therefore, the cost of the screening test depends on the type of cancer being tested for. Similarly, the equippment and accredetation of the laboratory, the geographical location of the clinic, and the expertise of the doctor treating your case, all play significant role in determining the final cost of the cancer screening test in Dubai.

Can all forms of cancers be detected in blood tests?

Not all forms of cancer can be detected in blood tests. Different types of cancers require different types of diagnostic tests.

What is the most common test used for diagnosing cancer?

Biopsy is considered the most common test used for diagnosing cancer. This process involves collecting cell samples from the affected area for testing in the laboratory.

Why is early cancer detection important?

Detecting cancer in its early stages provides the best possibility for successful treatment.

What stage are most cancers diagnosed?

Cancer is staged from I-IV, with stage IV being the most serious. Most cancers are diagnosed when symptoms start to appear.

Who is at most risk for cancer?

Individuals most at risk for cancer include smokers, the obese, older adults, those with a family history of cancer, people exposed to certain chemicals or radiation, and those prone to specific viral infections, such as HPV.

What stage is cancer aggressive?

Cancer tends to be more aggressive in stages 3 and 4. That is when the cancerous cells spread more aggressively.

Consult an Expert

A cancer screening test is important because anyone can get cancer. At Euromed Clinic Center we conduct cancer screening tests and you can get in touch with us if you think you are genetically disposed to having cancer or if you simply want to undergo the screening test. You can schedule an appointment by filling out the online form or by calling us +971 4 394 5422.