Gum disease is extremely common in adults, who are likely to experience it to some degree at least once in a lifetime. Many of us experience bleeding of the gums when we brush our teeth, and gingivitis – this early stage of gum disease – is often painless and can be cured by improvements in oral hygiene. If untreated, however, this can lead to periodontitis, a serious form of gum disease.
What damage can periodontitis cause?
It can cause damage to the bone and soft tissue which surrounds our teeth. Over time, the bacteria in our mouths can build up and collect in the spaces between the teeth and gum. This increase in bacteria can cause inflammation and decay, and when left untreated can result in tooth loss and further health problems.
What factors can instigate gum disease?
Many common factors can affect the progress of gum disease:
- Certain bacterial strains, which are highly aggressive to the gums
- Genetic predisposition
- Hormonal changes in women such as puberty, pregnancy, and menopause
- Some medications that reduce saliva production
At Euromed Clinic Center, our resident expert dentist Dr Sofia recommends good oral hygiene practice, as well as improved dietary habits, in order to combat the progression of periodontitis. However, with mild-to-severe cases of the disease, periodontal laser therapy offers an effective – and thanks to the clever use of anaesthesia a virtually pain-free – treatment option.
How does it work?
Periodontal laser therapy is a minimally invasive three-step treatment that suppresses the advancement of gum disease, and prevents the need for any later surgery (unless severe bone defects are detected). Using innovative Waterlase( hard tissue lasers) technology Dr Sofia will first remove the diseased epithelial lining from the periodontal pocket, then the calculus from the root surface, and finally seal the pocket with a stable fibrin clot. The benefits of this treatment include:
- No need for surgery – by using a combination of different lasers that help remove the hidden calculus very effectively, there is deep tissue laser disinfection and increased tissue wound healing due to laser biostimulationg action. This leads to a higher rate of bone remodeling and filling of bone defects, which in turn decreases the need surgical intervention in order to achieve the deceleration of periodontitis. The regime continues with 4 months interval maintenance appointments when laser disinfection is employed to maintain the results.
- Accurate – Waterlase offers a precise alternative to drills which prevents the need for stitches weas there is no need for surgical intervention unless the case is a severe one.
- Fast – the healing time and post-treatment discomforts are significantly reduced.
Will I still need surgery?
Although periodontal laser therapy significantly reduces the need for surgery, in more severe cases surgery may be required. In such cases, Dr Sofia takes a fully holistic approach, ensuring that the laser and bone augmentation treatments continue. She may also add Concentrated Growth Factor to the synthetic bone, which results in higher quality of bone formation and faster healing, giving you the ultimate benefit.