Hypertension (Diagnosis and Management)

Home Internal Medicine Hypertension (Diagnosis and Management)

What is Hypertension? 

Hypertension also called high blood pressure, is a health condition in which the pressure in the blood vessels increases. This leads to other problems such as heart disease and stroke. Narrow arteries resist the blood flow, resulting in increased blood pressure. 

Hypertension develops over time and continues to damage your heart, brain, eyes, and Chronic kidney disease without even getting noticed. Early detection of hypertension and primitive measures can prevent heart disease and stroke risk. 

Hypertension is a health condition that can be prevented by adopting a healthy lifestyle and exercising regularly. 

Hypertension is classified into two types: 

  • Primary Hypertension
  • Secondary Hypertension

Primary Hypertension

This type of hypertension is called essential hypertension, and it is present in most human beings. This type of hypertension gradually develops and starts affecting your body organs. There is no particular reason for this type of hypertension, but it is believed that certain factors such as aging, unhealthy life, and environment can cause hypertension in humans. 

Secondary Hypertension

This type of hypertension is caused by medicines, drugs, or unhealthy conditions such as kidney disorders and thyroid or adrenal gland problems. Secondary hypertension can become swerve than primary hypertension if it isn’t treated on priority bases. 

What causes Blood Pressure to rise? 

Most often, blood pressure rises because of an underlying health condition. If you eat too much salt, do not exercise enough, Smoke or drink too much alcohol, and do not consume fruits, you are at high risk of hypertension or blood pressure. Getting proper sleep and maintaining a good weight is also important to prevent the problem of blood pressure. 

Health conditions leading to hypertension are: 

  • Kidney disease and long-term kidney infections.
  • Diabetes
  • Obstructive sleep apnoea
  • Narrowing of arteries
  • Hormonal problem
  • Disturbance in the immune system
  • If your organs are problematic
  • Pregnancy or preeclampsia can also cause hypertension.

Several medicines can also cause hypertension. These medicines are: 

  • Contraceptive pills
  • Steroids
  • Ibuprofen
  • Herbal medicines contaning liquorice
  • Recreational drugs such as cocaine

What are the Symptoms of Hypertension?

Most people are not aware of their condition until it reaches a level where hypertension starts affecting their bodies. The best way to know if you have a problem with hypertension is to look regularly check your blood pressure, this can be done at home with the help of BP apparatus. 

Some of the Obvious symptoms of hypertension are.

  • Severe headaches
  • Vomiting
  • Nosebleeds
  • Confusion or fatigue
  • Vision changes or blood spots in the vision
  • Irregular heartbeat

If you ever encounter one of these problems, you should visit a trusted medical specialist near you. Hypertension will not be noticeable until it starts causing serious problems to your organs. To avoid long-term problems such as heart disease or stroke, you need to treat hypertension on preemptive bases. 

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How is Hypertension Diagnosed? 

Hypertension is checked after taking several readings of your blood pressure through the BP apparatus. The reading of blood pressure is given in two numbers of mm hg. The upper number is systolic pressure which measures pressure in the arteries when heartbeats. The lower number is diastolic pressure, which measures pressure in the arteries between beats. 

Reading  Blood pressure category
120/80 Normal Blood Pressure
130/80 Elevated Blood pressure
140/90 Stage 1 Hypertension
150+/90+ Stage 2 Hypertension
Over 180/ Over 100 Hypertensive crisis


How is Hypertension Cured? 

There is no permanent cure for hypertension, but treatments can control hypertension if it is in stage 2 or a hypertensive crisis. If the hypertension is mild, it can be cured with lifestyle changes. 

Some lifestyle changes might include: 

  • Losing extra weight
  • Eating meals with less fat and salt.
  • Starting regular exercise
  • Controlling the consumption of Alcohol

A treatment plan will be required to control hypertension, the plan will be different for everyone depending on their tests and physical examination. 

Medication will be required if the blood pressure is too high. Often, medical specialists combine two or three medicines to achieve the desired results. You need to take these medicines regularly to control hypertension.

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Hypertension Diagnosis and Management FAQ

Can High BP cause death?

Hypertension causes damage to your body without being noticed. If uncontrolled, hypertension can lead to heart attacks and strokes.

Which fruit is best for high blood pressure?

Citrus fruits, including oranges, grapes, and lemons, are best for blood pressure. These fruits are loaded with vitamins to keep your heart healthy.

What time of day is blood pressure highest?

Usually, the blood pressure is highest at midday. The blood pressure rises before a person wakes up and continues until midday. It typically starts dropping in the evening.

What are the 5 complications of hypertension?

Five hypertension-related complications include heart attack, stroke, risk of heart disease, narrowed blood vessels, and metabolic syndromes. The best is to get an early intervention to avoid severe complications.

Book an Appointment

Once you have read all the information and decided to treat hypertension at Euromed Clinic Dubai, it is time to book a consultation with our experienced Medical Specialists. During the consultation, make sure to ask our surgeons about their work experience and the results they have achieved.

We have Good News for you! 

At Euro med Clinic, we have state-of-the-art infrastructure to meet all your needs. Besides, our team of experts is always willing to make the most of your investment in your healthy body.

Let’s get in touch without further delay so we can help you maintain your health.