The natural aging process, the environment, and the harsh products that we sometimes apply to our skin often lead to dull, clogged-up skin that can make you look older than you are. According to statistics from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons more people are edging towards nonsurgical treatment to rejuvenate their appearance. One of the most popular and effective skin rejuvenation procedures that treat a variety of skin problems is Chemical peels. Undergoing chemical peels can make your skin healthier, smoother, and plumper.
Table of Contents
- 1 What is a chemical peel?
- 2 Types of Chemical Peels
- 3 Who is the best candidate for a chemical peel?
- 4 Pre-Treatment Instructions
- 5 Procedure
- 6 Post-Treatment Instructions
- 7 Key Benefits of Chemical Peels
- 8 Chemical Peels FAQs
- 9 Consult An Expert
What is a chemical peel?
A chemical peel is a skin rejuvenation or resurfacing procedure that is applied to the skin to its appearance. The chemical solution can be applied to the hands, neck, and face which will cause the skin on these areas to exfoliate and eventually peel off. Once this happens, new smoother, less wrinkled, and plumper skin appears from underneath the old damaged skin.
Chemical peels can be used to treat a variety of skin problems such as:
- Fine lines and wrinkles
- Sun damage
- Age spots
- Acne scars
- Uneven skin tone
Types of Chemical Peels
There are three main types of chemical peels and they include:
- Light chemical peel
Also known as superficial peel, it involves using mild acids such as alpha-hydroxy acid to exfoliate the outer layer of the skin (epidermis). Light chemical peels are used to treat skin issues such as fine wrinkles, uneven skin tone, dryness, and acne. A superficial chemical peel can be done every two to five weeks.
- Medium chemical peel
A medium chemical peel uses glycolic or trichloroacetic acid to exfoliate damaged skin cells in the epidermis and the upper part of the middle layer of the skin (dermis). It is used to treat uneven skin tone, wrinkles, and acne scars.
- Deep chemical peel
This type of chemical peel uses trichloroacetic or phenol acid to fully penetrate the middle layer of the skin and remove damaged skin cells. It is recommended for scars, deeper wrinkles, and precancerous growths. It can only be done once.
Who is the best candidate for a chemical peel?
Generally, a good candidate for a chemical peel is someone who has the above-mentioned skin issues and does not have the following:
- A naturally dark skin tone
- History of abnormal skin scarring
- Undergone certain acne treatments within the last year
- A tendency of having extra pigmentation on scars
- Medications or skin conditions
Before undergoing any type of cosmetic treatment, it is important to first consult with a skincare specialist. During the consultation, the practitioner will aid you in determining the best treatment option for you. He/she will also take you through the specific details of the type of chemical peel that you are opting for. You will then be asked some questions such as if you have recently taken any type of acne medication and whether you scar easily.
Before the chemical peel treatment date, you’ll be asked to do the following:
- Avoid using retinol for at least 48 hours before the treatment
- Not have been on Accutane for about six months
- Inform your practitioner about any medications that you are taking
- Take antiviral medication if you are prone to cold sores or fever blisters
- Use retinoid cream and special lotions to avoid darkening after the treatment and improve the outcome of the treatment
- Avoid using exfoliants and facial scrubs a week before the treatment
- Do not use hair removal products including epilating and waxing at least a week before the peel
- If you will be undergoing a medium or deep chemical peel, arrange for a ride home because they require sedation
A chemical peel is a skin resurfacing technique that is done on an outpatient basis. Below are how the three main types of chemical peel treatments are performed:
Light Chemical Peel
During the superficial chemical peel, your practitioner will use a cotton ball, gauze, sponge, or brush to apply the chemical solution which will contain either the salicylic acid or glycolic acid. After the application, the skin will start to turn white and you may feel mild stinging. Your practitioner will then apply a neutralizing solution or wash the solution off your treatment area.
During the medium chemical peel, the practitioner uses a gauze or a cotton-tipped applicator to apply the chemical solution which usually contains trichloroacetic acid which is sometimes combined with glycolic acid. Following the application, the treatment area will start to whiten. After a few minutes, the practitioner will apply cool compresses to the treatment area to cool the skin. To further cool your skin, you may use a hand-held fan. No neutralizing solution is applied and you might experience a burning and stinging sensation for about 20 minutes.
Deep chemical peel
During the deep peel, your heart rate will be monitored and you will be given intravenous fluids. Your practitioner will use a cotton-tipped applicator to apply the peel which contains phenol (carbolic acid) to your skin. After the application, your skin will start to turn gray or white. The application is usually done in portions of 15-minute intervals to limit your exposure to phenol.
After undergoing any type of chemical peel, the skin is typically red, irritated, swollen, or tight. You will be guided and how to cleanse, moisturize, use sun protection, and apply protective ointments to the treated skin area. You will also be asked to avoid scratching, rubbing, and picking your skin.
Here are the post-treatment guidelines for each type of chemical peel:
- Light chemical peel. The skin is usually dry, red, and mildly irritated but these effects become less noticeable with each treatment. A protective ointment is applied after the treatment to soothe the skin and most people can wear makeup the following day.
It takes about a week to heal after the light chemical peel and the new skin might be temporarily darker or lighter than normal.
- Medium chemical peel. The skin is typically swollen and red with some stinging sensation. A protective ointment is applied to prevent dryness and soothe the area. Over-the-counter pain medication and ice packs can be used to relieve the discomfort. As the swelling decreases, the skin on the treatment area will start to form a crust and might develop brown blotches or darken. It will take about one to two weeks to heal but the redness will persist for some time.
- Deep chemical peel. The skin will be severely red and swollen with a throbbing and burning sensation. The swelling will cause the eyelids to swell shut. A surgical dressing will be applied on the treated skin and the painkiller prescribed. You will be required to soak the treatment area and apply ointment to it several times a day for about 14 days.
New skin will develop within 14 days after a deep chemical peel but the redness will persist for months.
As with all chemical peels, the new skin is usually temporarily more sensitive to the sun and it is therefore important to always use sun protection and keep away from the sun for a while.
Key Benefits of Chemical Peels
The major benefits of chemical peels are listed below:
- Decreases the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles
- Lifts the skin for a firmer appearance
- Minimizes acne
- Minimizes large pores in the skin
- Reduces the appearance of sunspots, hyperpigmentation, and discoloration
- Improves the appearance of scars
- Smooths and balances the texture of the skin
- Chemical peels can be customized to match the needs of the client
Chemical Peels FAQs
Are chemical peels good for skin improvement?
Chemical peels can improve various skin issues such as fine lines, wrinkles, scars, uneven skin tones, and other skin imperfections.
How long does it take for a chemical peel to heal?
This depends on the type of chemical peel used, it takes between 3-14 days but the redness usually persists for some time.
Is a chemical peel painful?
Most chemical peels have a burning sensation effect but your practitioner will give you guidelines on how to relieve this depending on the type of peel used.
When will I see the results?
The results of a chemical peel are usually visible within a week or two.
Can I wear makeup following a chemical peel?
Makeup can be worn once the skin has finished flaking off.
How much does a professional-grade chemical peel cost?
The cost of a chemical peel in Dubai will depend on several factors such as:
Type of peel
The skin problem being treated
Number of treatment sessions
The desired results
The expertise of the practitioner
Location and reputation of the clinic
At Euromed Clinic Center, the average starting price for a chemical peel is 475 AED.
Consult An Expert
At Euromed Clinic Dubai, we have a wide range of chemical peels that can be customized to fit your needs. They have been proven to be effective and result-oriented. To know more about chemical peels, you can reach out to us by filling out the online form or calling us.
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