Whether your pregnancy is going fine and you are likely to have normal delivery; still, there are chances of a caesarian section or C-section. Understanding caesarean sections is important for pregnant females because this option may be needed in case of emergency. Here is what they are how they work. Please continue reading to learn more about caesarean sections.
What is a Caesarean Section?
C-section or caesarean delivery or caesarean section is a surgical technique to deliver the baby through abdomen and uterus by making incisions. It is not a preferred choice for most of the women but opting it may become necessary in some cases.
When labor starts, some women may develop complications that can hurt baby and/or mother. In such cases, performing C-section becomes necessary, rather than optional. By learning about it, women can make themselves ready for this procedure.
When Caesarean Section Is Performed?
Sometimes, caesarean delivery becomes necessary due to some reasons. The gynecologists, obstetrician, or midwife can prefer it over vaginal delivery in the following cases:
- The baby is in distress
- The labor has stopped
- There is a health concern
- Umbilical cord is prolapsed
- There is a mechanical obstruction
- If there are more than one babies
- The baby is in an abnormal position
- There is a problem with the placenta
- The person has had a C-section before
Most women are afraid of C-section but some women prefer it to avoid possible complications of vaginal birth and to get benefits of planned delivery. However, if a woman looks forward to having multiple pregnancies, C-section might not be a good option as it can cause placental issues. No matter what option a woman is interested in, the doctor must be consulted to know what is better for the baby.
Risks of Caesarean Section
As it is a surgical procedure, there are some avoidable risks:
Risks to the mother:
- Blood clots
- Surgical injury
- Wound infection
- Reactions to anesthesia
- Postpartum hemorrhage
- Increased risks during future pregnancies
Risks to the baby include:
- Surgical injury
- Breathing problems
Caesarean Sections FAQs
What are the types of Caesarean section?
Generally, Caesarean sections are performed in two ways. These two ways are differentiated by the direction of the incision on the abdomen. The two types of cuts are the classical cut (horizontal) and the bikini cut (vertical).
Why is it called the Caesarean section?
There are 3 major theories about Caesarean sections:
1. Julius Caeser was born in this way since his mother died in the 9th month.
2. A Roman law (Lex Caesarea) decreed all women be cut open if they die during childbirth.
3. The word originated from the Latin word "caedare" which means 'to cut'.
How many layers are cut during the C section?
According to medicine, during Caesarean sections, seven layers are cut through to reach the baby. These layers are skin, fat, rectus sheath, the rectus, the parietal peritoneum, the loose peritoneum, and then the uterus.
How the Caesarean section is performed?
The Caesarean sections are performed by making a surgical incision in the mother's abdomen to deliver the baby. The seven layers of the mother's body are cut through to reach the uterus and surgically remove the baby.
What is more painful C section or natural birth?
Generally, vaginal births are preferred over Caesarean sections. To some women, C-sections cause extensive pain with longer recovery periods. However, this is not always the case as extensive tearing during vaginal birth can cause a lot of pain, too. Moreover, in some cases, C-section becomes crucial and not optional.
Preparing for Caesarean Section
If a woman is going to have a caesarian section, the anesthetist must be consulted beforehand to understand possible anesthesia complications. To avoid some complications, different blood tests might be needed before this surgery.
Even though everything seems fine and vaginal birth is scheduled, it is good for the pregnant woman to discuss the possibility of surgery with the doctor if something wrong happens.
A pregnant woman should ask all related questions ahead of delivery time. In case of caesarean delivery, the woman will have to take proper rest until complete recovery. It is better to decide whether the woman is going to have more babies or not.
Before and After Expectations
Here are some details about the procedure:
Before the Procedure
The delivery procedure varies from person to person. Generally, the following steps are involved:
- At Home: Take a shower with an antiseptic soap. Do not shave the pubic area; if there is unnecessary hair, they will trim it.Remove all traces of nail polish completely, including gel-based polishes such as shellac and gelish.
- At the Hospital: The abdomen will be cleansed and urine from the bladder will be collected. IV lines will be placed to give medication and fluid.
- Anesthesia: In most cases, local anesthesia is administered to numb the lower part. In some emergency cases, general anesthesia might be required.
During the Procedure
To deliver the baby, the doctor will make abdominal and uterine incisions:
- Abdominal incision
- Uterine incision
After the Procedure
After a caesarian section, the patient has to stay at the hospital for a few days to get proper care. The woman will be able to walk and breastfeed the baby.
After Reaching Home
Experiencing fatigue and discomfort are common after this surgery. The patient should:
- Avoid sexual intercourse
- Take it easy; Do not worry
- Take medication for pain relief
Incision sites should be kept clean and the doctor should be consulted if the following occur:
- Incision is red
- Heavy bleeding
- Worsening pain
The doctor should be consulted if there is an unusual activity.
Please book an appointment if you want to learn more.
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Whether your doctor is expecting normal delivery, it is valuable to learn about caesarean sections because it may be a possibility. The gynecologists or obstetricians at the Euromed Clinic Center have the latest knowledge and training to handle normal and C-section deliveries.
What is on your mind? Please book an appointment by calling us or filling the short online form if you want to learn more.
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Dr. Rupinder Kaur Ruprai MBBS, MD (Ob/Gyn), Assoc-RCOG, F.MAS, D.MIS, D. Repr Med, M.CosmeticGyne, MBA Specialist Obstetrician & Gynecologist President - SARG (Society of Aesthetic and Regenerative Gynecology) Member - ISCG (International Society of Cosmetic Gynecology) Head - ESAG-India Chapter (European Society of Aesthetic Gynecology) Scientific Member – ISGAR (International Society of Gynecology, Aesthetics, and Research) Associate Professor (Ob-Gyn) & Specialist Obstetrics & Gynecology (UK, European US, and Indian Board Certified) Dr. Ruprai has over 20 years’ experience providing functional, endoscopic, laparoscopic, reproductive, and aesthetic gynecological treatments. Her holistic approach is very popular with patients and extends to anti-aging medicine that incorporates hormonal balance…Read more
Dr. Sana Azeem is a specialist gynecologist and obstetrician. She was born in India, where she completed her education. She graduated from King George’s Medical College (now University) in Lucknow, India. Later, she completed her post-graduation (doctorate) in Obstetrics and Gynecology from Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College (LLRM), Meerut, India. Due to her extensive experience in the field of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, she performs the OPD and surgical procedures skillfully and confidently. Besides these procedures, she is also an expert in the field of Aesthetic Gynecology, where she performs vaginal rejuvenation and tightening procedures.…Read more