Gynecological Surgery

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Gynecological surgery refers to any surgical procedure involving the structures or organs of the female pelvic region, such as the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina, and vulva. The surgeon may also perform this surgery to treat urinary tract issues, including those affecting the bladder.

Gynecological surgeries range between minimally invasive and fully invasive, depending on the health condition. Some of these procedures are performed in the office, while others are in the hospital.

Health Conditions Treated with Gynecology Surgery

This surgery can help address various gynecological conditions faced by women. Examples of health conditions that you can treat with gynecology surgery include:

  • Ovarian cysts
  • Cancer
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Uterine prolapse
  • Bleeding disorder

Benefits of Gynecological Surgery

Gynecological surgeries aim to improve women’s health and well-being. The type of benefit you get from this treatment depends primarily on the condition treated and the type of surgery. For instance, removing a cancerous tumor will help prevent cancer progression in the future. Many surgeries are performed to relieve pain in the pelvis region or treat incontinence. Some gynecology surgeries are performed to diagnose other conditions, such as procedures to check the uterus or bladder for infections or other problems.

Common Gynecological Surgeries

Different gynecological surgeries are performed to treat various health issues. Let’s have a brief overview of the most common surgical procedures.


Hysterectomy is a procedure to remove the uterus surgically. After this procedure, you won’t be able to conceive. This surgical procedure also prevents periods if you haven’t already had menopause. Women aged 40-50 are the most common to have this treatment.


The surgical procedure involving the removal of one or both ovaries is called oophorectomy. This surgery may be performed to treat:

  • Tubo-ovarian abscess
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Noncancerous tumors or cysts
  • Endometriosis
  • Ovarian or breast cancer prevention
  • Ovarian torsion


A cystectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the entire or part of the bladder. In some women, a cystectomy may involve the removal of the uterus, ovaries, and part of the vagina. This procedure is quickly followed by another surgery to create a urinary diversion to expel urine out of the body.

Endometrial Ablation

This minimally invasive surgical procedure help treat heavy menstrual bleeding. This procedure involves eliminating or destroying the endometrium tissue in the uterus lining. Since this tissue causes bleeding, removing or destroying it may bring menstrual bleeding down to normal levels.


Myomectomy is a surgical treatment to eliminate a noncancerous growth called uterine fibroid, also known as leiomyomas. This tissue formation occurs in the uterus. Although fibroids can develop anytime, they most commonly develop during the childbearing years.

During a myomectomy, the surgeon removes fibroids and reconstructs the uterus.


Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure during which a surgeon makes small incisions in the abdominal wall to pass monitoring instruments and surgical tools into the abdominal cavity. These components are maneuverable through a remote control system, allowing the surgeon to monitor, access, and operate the target organ or area. 

This surgical technique helps evaluate the pelvic regions, such as the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes. The laparoscope (miniature camera) sends the live feed to a video monitor, from where the surgeon evaluates the problem and uses remote controls to perform surgery.

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What are Minimally Invasive Gynecological Surgeries?

Minimally invasive gynecological surgeries primarily help treat noncancerous gynecologic conditions or diagnose severe health conditions. Illnesses treated with minimally invasive procedures usually include:

  • Pelvic pain
  • Irregular menstrual periods
  • Heavy menstrual periods
  • Endometriosis
  • Ovarian cysts

A minimally invasive surgical procedure is generally performed in an outpatient surgical setting. These procedures have been shown to deliver a positive outcome with less pain, fast recovery, and more convenience. On top of that, these procedures are more cost-effective than their invasive counterparts.

There is a long list of minimally invasive gynecologic surgeries performed worldwide. Some of them are:

  • Advanced laparoscopic surgery
  • Hysteroscopic surgery
  • Robotic surgery
  • Vaginal surgery
  • Hysteroscopic and laparoscopic sterilization
  • Laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation
  • Surgical treatment of endometriosis
  • Surgical treatment of vulvar disorders
  • Surgical treatment of uterine fibroids
  • Surgical management of congenital anomalies
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Gynecological Surgery FAQs

Is a gynecologist a surgeon?

Yes, a gynecologist is a surgeon specializing in the treatment of diseases related to the female reproductive system and urinary tract.

Make an Appointment

Do you want to treat a gynecological condition with surgery? Euromed Clinic Dubai is a medical facility where you will find a team of highly experienced gynecologists to help you with your reproductive and urinary tract issues. For more information or to book a consultation, you can fill out the online form given below or give us a phone call.


Check Out Our Specialists Profiles

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    Dr. Sana Azeem

    Physician Specialist Obstetrics and Gynecology

    Dr. Sana Azeem is a specialist gynecologist and obstetrician licensed by DHA. She is skillful in performing different surgeries, OPD treatments, as well as aesthetic gynecology procedures.

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