Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)

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What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)? 

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are predominantly spread from one person to another through sexual contact. They are spread through oral, vaginal, and anal sex as well as through blood. There are types of STDs that are spread non-sexually through skin-to-skin contact and from mother to child. 

How Common are Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)? 

According to World Health Organization (WHO), on daily basis, approximately 1 million new cases of STIs are acquired globally, in which the majority have no symptoms (asymptomatic). Furthermore, the annual number of STIs is around 374 million, with 1 out of 4 are curable STIs, namely, syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis. 

What is the Difference Between STDs and STIs? 

There is no significant difference between STDs and STIs, both are used interchangeably in medical science. 

What are the Causes Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

There are numerous causes of STDs, including: 

Bacteria: Chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhoea are examples of STDs caused by bacteria.

Parasites: Trichomoniasis is an STD caused by parasites.

Viruses: STDs caused by viruses include HIV, HPV, and genital herpes.

Risk Factors for STDs

Individuals, who are sexually active, are vulnerable to STDs as there are several factors that may increase the risk of contracting STDs. The factors include:

  • Having multiple sexual partners
  • Engaging in unprotected sex
  • Having a history of STDs
  • Injecting drugs
  • Use of recreational drugs or misuse of alcohol
  • Oral sex 

What are the Symptoms of STDs?

Some forms of STDs are asymptomatic (showing no symptoms) while others have. The symptoms of STDs include:

  • Bumps or sores around the genitals or in the rectal or oral areas
  • Burning or painful sensation during urination
  • Painful sex
  • Discharge from the vagina or penis
  • The unusual odour from the genitals
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Itchiness around the genitals
  • Fever
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Swollen and sore lymph nodes, especially in the groin area
  • Rash on the hands, feet, and trunk

What are the Types Of STIs?

The types of STIs include:

  • Chlamydia
  • Genital warts
  • Gonorrhea
  • Herpes
  • HIV
  • Hepatitis B
  • HPV (Human Papillomavirus)
  • Syphilis
  • Pubic lice
  • Trichomoniasis

How to Diagnose STIs? 

Sexually transmitted infections can be diagnosed through tests and physical examination of the pelvic region to look for signs of infection such as discharge, warts, or rash.

What is STIs Testing?

STIs testing is important for people who are sexually active to get tested for STDs to protect their health. Tests that are performed to diagnose STIs or STDs include:

  • Blood tests
  • Buccal swab
  • Urine samples
  • Discharge from the anus, vagina, urethra, cervix, or penis.

Screening for STDs

Screening is recommended for asymptomatic individuals. Although it is not part of routine healthcare, it is recommended for the following people:

  • HIV: A saliva or blood test is usually involved in this test.
  • Hepatitis C: People were born between 1945 and 1965. Females born in this age group should be screened for hepatitis C because it was prevalent during this time.
  • Pap Test: Women aged 21 years and older. These women need to undergo Pap tests to check for changes in the cells of the cervix such as precancerous changes.
  • Pregnant women: During the first prenatal visit, all pregnant women are screened for HIV, chlamydia, syphilis, and hepatitis B. 
  • Screening for men who have sex with men, as they are at a higher risk of contracting STDs. 
  • New sexual partner screening

How are Sexually Transmitted Infections Treated?

The effects of STIs vary among individuals, therefore, your doctor will provide you with the treatment based on your test results. The aim of treatment is to lessen symptoms and reduce their spread. The treatments generally include: 

Antibiotics: These are often used as a single dose to cure certain types of STDs. It is important to finish the treatment and abstain from sex until the treatment is complete and the sores have healed. 

Antiviral drugs: These are used to manage and lower the risk of transmission of certain STDs such as HIV and herpes. 

How are Sexually Transmitted Diseases Prevented?

To prevent infection with STDs, having a monogamous relationship is recommended. Other than this, you should:

  • Use a latex condom during intercourse
  • It is essential to undergo a screening test for STIs before sex with a new partner
  • For oral sex, use dental dam
  • Avoid sharing underclothing and towels
  • Get tested for HIV
  • Practise safe sex
  • HPV vaccine

Should I Get the HPV Vaccine?

HPV (human papillomavirus) is a common viral STI. To prevent HPV and genital warts, HPV vaccines are considered a viable solution till date. Usually, HPV vaccines are considered suitable for ages 11-12. However, the new studies show that even at the age of 45, people can benefit from it. It is essential to talk to your health care provider regarding its usage and if it is right for you. 

Can STD be cured?

Bacterial STDs can be cured if treatment is started early. Viral STDs cannot be cured but symptoms can be managed with medication.

Can You Get an STD Test in Dubai? 

Yes, Euromed Clinic is one of the most prominent clinics in Dubai where you can get your STD test done. Along with testing facilities, our healthcare providers specialised in sexually transmitted diseases, also provide tailored treatment regarding STD. 

How Much Does an STD Test Cost in Dubai? 

The cost of an STD test in Dubai varies depending on the following factors:

  • Expertise of the practitioner 
  • Type of STD
  • Geographical location of the clinic

Which STD is Not Allowed in the UAE? 

In order to get a tourist visa or work visa in the UAE, you need to be free from all forms of communicable diseases, such as HIV, TB, and the novel coronavirus.

Schedule a Consultation

While it is important to get screened and tested for STDs, it is equally important to consult with a medical practitioner. To get started, please book an appointment at Euromed Clinic by calling us at +971 4 394 5422. You can also reach us by filling out and submitting the provided form.

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