Our personalities define our traits, thoughts, and behavioral patterns. A person with a healthy personality can easily build relationships, have social interactions, and cope with stress. On the other hand, personality disorders can negatively impact an individual’s thinking patterns and traits. As a result, individuals can develop inflexible behavior patterns, leading them to think, feel, and act in a non-conventional manner. Since an individual with a personality disorder cannot function in a socially acceptable way, it causes problems for them. These disorders affect their personal and social relationships due to their rigid thinking pattern. Personality Disorder Treatment Dubai can help individuals deal with different types of personality disorders.
Table of Contents
- 1 Causes and Risk Factors
- 2 Signs and Symptoms
- 3 Types of Personality Disorders
- 4 Cluster A: Odd or Eccentric
- 5 Cluster B: Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic
- 6 Cluster C: Anxious or Fearful
- 7 Diagnosis
- 8 Personality Disorder Treatment Techniques in Dubai
- 9 Effective Treatment Techniques for All Personality Disorders
- 10 Consult an Expert
Causes and Risk Factors
Even though the exact cause of personality disorders is not known, some common risk factors are as follows:
- Environmental Experiences
- Childhood Trauma
- Verbal Abuse
- High Reactivity
- Biological Vulnerabilities
- Relationships with Family and Friends
- Dysfunctional Family
Signs and Symptoms
Generally, the signs and symptoms of personality disorders start becoming noticeable in the teenage years and early adulthood. However, the symptoms of each personality disorder are different.
Some common signs and symptoms of personality disorders are as follows:
- Inflexible thought patterns
- Trouble relating to and perceiving social situations
- Poor relationships
- Abnormal behavior in everyday situations
- Failure to manage minor stresses
- Impaired functioning
- High reactivity to stimuli (i.e., light, noise, texture)
- Volatile reactions towards minor changes
Types of Personality Disorders
In order to get appropriate Personality Disorder Treatment in Dubai, it is essential to identify the type of personality disorder. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) includes 10 personality disorders. These 10 disorders are further divided into three clusters that are explained below:
Cluster A: Odd or Eccentric
Paranoid Personality Disorder (PPD)
Paranoid Personality Disorder (PPD) is often characterized as a suspicious personality disorder. An individual with PPD has unjustified suspicions of other people’s intentions. As a result, they cannot cultivate healthy relationships with anyone.
Schizoid Personality Disorder (SPD)
People with Schizoid Personality Disorder (SPD) prefer isolation over social interactions. Even when they engage in social activities, they are often detached and disinterested. As a result, their relationships suffer because they often appear cold, emotionally numb, and have limited expressions.
Schizotypal Personality Disorder (STPD)
Schizotypal Personality Disorder (STPD) is a personality disorder characterized by odd and eccentric behavior. People with STPD claim to hear voices and have magical powers for controlling people. They have trouble forming close relationships and suffer from social anxiety. This disorder is on the schizophrenia spectrum; however, people with STPD do not experience psychosis.
Cluster B: Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic
People with Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) have witty and charming personalities but they tend to be deceitful and manipulative. They often violate other people’s rights and have no sense of right or wrong.
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) can cause an individual to experience intense episodes of mood changes. Such people usually have unpredictable emotions, leading to impulsive or self-destructive behavior. Moreover, people with BPD can also suffer from episodes of anger outbursts, anxiety, and depression.
Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD)
People with Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD) often suffer from dramatic attention-seeking behavior. It can lead individuals even to use theatrical tactics and sexual provocation to draw attention.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD)
Individuals who have Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) usually have a false sense of entitlement. They feel they are more important than others around them and require constant attention/praise.
Cluster C: Anxious or Fearful
Avoidant Personality Disorder (AvPD)
People with Avoidant Personality Disorder (AvPD) suffer from excessive fear of rejection and embarrassment. They are usually introverts with extremely shy personalities. Such individuals may want healthy social relationships, but their fear and anxiety do not let them.
Dependent Personality Disorder (DPD)
Individuals with Dependent Personality Disorder (DPD) are excessively submissive, clingy, and dependent on others. They lack self-confidence and decision-making powers. Therefore, they rely on others to make decisions for them and require constant reassurance.
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD)
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) differs from obsessive-compulsive disorder, which is an anxiety disorder. OCPD patients have an extreme need for perfection, and they are obsessed with control, order, rules, and details. Although these traits can make someone diligent, their obsession can cause severe distress.
An expert psychologist/psychiatrist can diagnose individuals with different personality disorders in the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria in a psychiatric evaluation. The DSM diagnosis criteria are as follows:
- A behavior pattern deviating from cultural norms in terms of cognition, emotional responses, social functioning, or impulse control.
- The pattern is rigid and standard in various situations.
- The pattern causes clinical distress or impairment.
- It is a long-term, stable, and consistent pattern that started during adolescence or early adulthood.
Personality Disorder Treatment Techniques in Dubai
The Personality Disorder Treatment Dubai varies according to every individual’s disorder. The most common treatment techniques are as follows:
Some common psychotherapies are as follows:
- Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) – teaches coping skills for regulating emotions, dealing with suicidal urges, and improving relationships.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) – helps transform negative thinking patterns and learn effective coping strategies.
- Mentalization-Based Therapy (MBT) – teaches how to reflect on the internal state of mind and thought patterns.
- Transference-Focused Psychotherapy (TFP) – enables the development of a more realistic and stable sense of self and view of others.
- Psychodynamic Therapy – emphasizes the past experiences that have caused unhealthy thought and behavior patterns.
- Supportive Psychotherapy – helps deal with emotional distress and problems.
- Family Therapy – provides support and education to patient’s family members about dealing with their personality disorder.
- Social Skills Training – helps gain insights into the disorder and teaches healthy ways to manage symptoms.
Some commonly used medications for personality disorders are as follows:
- Mood Stabilizers
- Antipsychotic Medications or Neuroleptics
- Anti-Anxiety Medications
Effective Treatment Techniques for All Personality Disorders
Consult an Expert
If you seek Mental Health Support Dubai has a number of expert licensed psychologists and psychiatrists who can help you. Euromed® Clinic Center has some of the top-listed psychiatrists on board. They can help diagnose the type of personality disorder you may have and also devise a treatment plan. So, please schedule an appointment today by filling the online form or giving us a call.