Like medical problems, psychological disorders must be treated in a timely manner. Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that must be treated to avoid complications and a suicide. Early detection and proper treatment is the key to success. Here is how one of our psychiatrists can cure it in Dubai. Continue reading to learn more about it.
What is Schizophrenia?
The people suffering from schizophrenia, a serious mental disorder, interpret reality abnormally. The affected person experiences extremely disordered thinking, delusions, and hallucinations. Moreover, the person may suffer from the behaviors that impair daily functioning. It is a complex mental illness that needs lifelong treatment and care. Early diagnosis and treatment can avoid complications caused by schizophrenia.
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Different emotional, cognitive, and behavioral problems occur due to schizophrenia. Some common symptoms include the following:
- Negative symptoms
- Disorganized speech or thinking
- Abnormal motor behavior or extremely disorganized
Symptoms in teenagers
In addition to the symptoms mentioned above, the following signs may also exist in teenagers:
- Trouble sleeping
- Lack of motivation
- Irritability or depressed mood
- A drop in performance at school
- Withdrawal from friends and family
Causes of Schizophrenia
The actual causes of schizophrenia are unknown yet. So far, the researchers have elaborated that the following contribute to the development of this illness:
- Brain chemistry
- Combination of genetics
Some studies elaborate on how schizophrenia patients have different brain structure and central nervous system. Besides, the issues with the following brain chemicals (including neurotransmitters) often contribute to schizophrenia:
Risk Factors for Schizophrenia
The following factors can increase the risk of schizophrenia:
- Older age of the father
- The family history of schizophrenia
- Increased immune system activation
- Some pregnancy and birth complications
- In take of mind-altering drugs during young adulthood and teenage
Complications for Schizophrenia
When not treated, the illness ca complicate affecting most of the life aspects. The following complications are common:
- Social isolation
- Being victimized
- Financial and legal problems
- Medical and health problems
- Inability to attend school or work
- Aggressive behavior (not common)
- Abuse of drugs including tobacco and alcohol
- Suicidal thoughts, suicide attempt, and suicide
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and anxiety disorders
Prevention from Schizophrenia
Unfortunately, it is not possible to prevent it. However, timely diagnosis and proper treatment is the key to success. The cooperation of the patient with the professional is necessary.
Some people have symptoms of schizophrenia but they actually have some other illness. The doctor will use different techniques to diagnose the problem.
- Physical exam
- Tests and screenings
- Psychiatric evaluation
- Diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia
Treatment for Schizophrenia
As a complex mental disease, it requires lifelong treatment. Psychological therapy and medications are used to manage this illness. Hospitalization might be required in severe cases. A psychiatrist, who has got expertise in curing schizophrenia, treats it. Additionally, the following people may also work alongside a psychiatrist:
- Social worker
- Case manager
- Psychiatric nurse
The following methods are used to cure schizophrenia:
Medications: Medications play an important role in the treatment. In general, antipsychotic medications are prescribed by a psychiatrist. The main role of medications is to control symptoms by affecting dopamine. The doctor has to decide the right amount of dose to effectively handle the symptoms. The use of anti-anxiety and antidepressant drugs can also be considered. The progress happens to be slow and side effects of such drugs could be severe.
Second-Generation Antipsychotics: Due to a low risk of side effects, second-generation medications are preferred nowadays. The list below shows some famous ones:
- Clozapine (Clozaril)
- Lurasidone (Latuda)
- Asenapine (Saphris)
- Cariprazine (Vraylar)
- Iloperidone (Fanapt)
- Aripiprazole (Abilify)
- Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
- Ziprasidone (Geodon)
- Paliperidone (Invega)
- Quetiapine (Seroquel)
- Brexpiprazole (Rexulti)
- Risperidone (Risperdal)
First-Generation Antipsychotics: The first-generation antipsychotics are different from the second-generation antipsychotics but they involve more risk of side effects. Here are the notable few:
Psychosocial Interventions: Once psychosis starts decreasing, one of the following psychosocial (psychological and social) interventions can be tried:
- Family therapy
- Individual therapy
- Social skills training
- Supported employment and vocational rehabilitation
The doctor may recommend hospitalization to cope with severe symptoms of schizophrenia. It will ensure, good nutrition, required hygiene, complete safety, and proper sleep.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) is a good option when drug therapy does not work in adults.
Seeking Extra Support
The patient can do the following to get better soon:
- Focus on objectives
- Explore schizophrenia
- Become a member of the support group
- Learn stress management and relaxation
What are the early signs of schizophrenia?
Most common signs of schizophrenia are having trouble sleeping, feeling sad or depressed, withdrawal from social activities, bad hygiene, and inability to concentrate.
How do people get schizophrenia?
The actual cause of schizophrenia is still unknown. However, some brain chemistry, genetic, and neurotransmitter changes can cause this problem.
What kind of voices do schizophrenics hear?
People suffering from schizophrenia can hear a variety of voices and noises. Painfully loud sound, screeching sounds, and sounds that are suggestive of rats are some example of the sounds.
How do you calm a schizophrenic?
When you are trying to calm a schizophrenic person then you should use simple direction, give proper breathing space, move the person away from anything that is causing the reaction, and never argue.
What should schizophrenics avoid?
Schizophrenics should avoid refined carbohydrates, caffeine, cigarettes, alcohol, and all stimulant drugs.
Preparing for the Appointment
If you have symptoms of schizophrenia, you should visit a psychiatrist to learn more. Making the list of the following can make the consultation session worthwhile:
- Any signs and symptoms
- Key personal and family information
- Questions about the illness and treatment
Please book an appointment with our psychiatrist if you want to learn more about schizophrenia.
Book an Appointment Now
Please do not hesitate to get in touch with the Euromed Clinic Center Dubai if you have symptoms of Schizophrenia. A consultation session with one of our mental health experts will help you understand the condition better. Call us now or fill the short online form to book your appointment with a psychiatrist.