Sleep Disorders

Home Psychiatry Sleep Disorders

Normally, an adult is supposed to get between 7 and 9 hours of uninterrupted sleep. Unfortunately, today’s world is characterized by a demanding, high-paced working environment that requires putting in more hours of work. This can easily cause stress, which leads to sleep disorders in individuals. Fortunately, sleep disorders treatment can help you achieve the required amount of sleep and improve your well-being.

What is a Sleep Disorder?

Sleep disorders, also known as sleep-wake disorders, are conditions that affect the timing, quality, and amount of sleep a person is required to have. This can be due to a hectic schedule, stress, and other outside factors. Sleep problems can affect both your physical and emotional well-being. 

What Causes Sleep Disorders?

Sleep disorders may present themselves alone or they may be a part of other conditions. 

Notable causes of a sleep disorder include:

  • Medical conditions such as enlarged tonsils and adenoid that narrow the airways
  • Being overweight, having particularly a thicker neck
  • Stress, which can keep the mind active at night, resulting in difficulty sleeping. 
  • Eating too much right before bed can make you uncomfortable when lying down. It can cause heartburn which will keep you awake at night.
  • Consumption of alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine late at night.
  • Poor sleeping habits, which can be caused by irregular naps, bedtime schedules, and an uncomfortable sleeping environment can interfere with the sleep cycle.

Symptoms Of Sleep Disorders

Symptoms of sleep disorder tend to vary depending on the type and severity as well as if it is a result of another condition.

The symptoms include:

  • Feeling tired after sleeping all night
  • Having difficulty in falling and/or staying asleep
  • Wanting to take naps during the day
  • Unusual breathing patterns while sleeping
  • Unusual urges to move while falling asleep
  • Anxiety or irritability
  • Unintentional changes to the sleep/wake schedule

What are the 5 Major Sleep Disorders?

Sleep apnea: This is characterized by experiencing pauses in breathing. It causes the body to have less oxygen and can cause a person to wake up during the night. 

Primarily, sleep apnea is of two types: Obstructive sleep apnea where the airway is too narrow hence there is not sufficient airflow and Central sleep apnea where where the issue lies in the connection between the breathing control muscles and the brain. 

Snoring: This is associated with obstructive sleep apnea.

Insomnia: This involves difficulty falling or staying asleep. It may be caused by anxiety, stress, jet lag, hormones, digestive problems, or it may be a symptom of another disease.

Restless leg syndrome (RLS): This is an overwhelming feeling to move the leg and it may sometimes be accompanied by a tingling sensation.

Sleep Hypoventilation: This is characterized by insufficient breathing during sleep. The breathing may be too slow or shallow. 

Diagnosis of Sleep Disorder

Diagnosing a sleep disorder involves evaluating both the signs and symptoms, and the individual’s sleep history.

The evaluation may involve monitoring your breathing overnight and other functions of the body while you are sleeping. Tests that may be conducted include:

Nocturnal polysomnography: This test involves connecting the patient to equipment that monitors heart, lung, and brain activity, breathing patterns, leg, and arm movements, and blood oxygen levels while asleep.

Home sleep tests: These are simplified tests that measure the heart rate, blood oxygen level, breathing patterns, and airflow.

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What are the Treatments for Sleep Disorders

Treatments for sleep disorders vary depending on the type and underlying cause. The treatment includes a combination of lifestyle changes and medical treatments:

Lifestyle changes

Lifestyle changes can improve a person’s quality of sleep greatly. The lifestyle adjustments that can be made to improve sleep include:

  • Exercising to reduce stress and anxiety
  • Eating a healthy diet comprised of more fish and vegetables
  • Following a regular sleeping schedule
  • Limiting caffeine intake
  • Decreasing alcohol and tobacco use
  • Drinking less water and eating smaller low carbohydrate meals before bedtime

Medical Treatments

Medical treatments for sleep disorders include:

  • Cold or allergy medication
  • Sleeping pills
  • Melatonin supplements
  • Breathing device
  • Surgery
  • Medications to treat underlying health issues
  • Dental guard for teeth grinding
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How Can I Solve My Sleeping Problem Naturally?

You can drink plenty of water during the day, avoid alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine, exercise earlier in the day, eat light meals before bed, and avoid screen time at least an hour or two before bedtime.

Is Insomnia a Type of Mental Illness?

Insomnia is not an isolated case of mental illness rather it is a symptom of another underlying illness.

Can a Sleeping Disorder Be Cured?

Sleeping disorders tend to go away once the underlying cause is treated.

Why Can’t I Sleep at Night?

Lack of sleep can be caused by various factors such as anxiety and depression. Other factors that contribute to this are medications, lack of a proper sleep schedule, and current lifestyle.

Get Consultation

If you feel like you have been having difficulty with sleeping, Euromed Clinic is your place to go. You can book a consultation with our experts for sleep disorder treatment by filling out the provided form or by calling us at +971 4 394 5422. You can also contact us via WhatsApp using the same number.


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