Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) – Neuro Rehabilitation

Home Psychiatry Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) – Neuro Rehabilitation

Written by: Shehzeen Ahmad | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Bahjat Balbous

A violent blow or jolt to the body or head can cause a traumatic brain injury. Moreover, it can also happen if an object penetrates brain tissue. A minor traumatic brain injury cause temporary affects to the brain while a serious traumatic brain injury can cause physical damage, bleeding, bruising, and torn tissues. A severe injury can cause death or long-term complications. Treatment options are available for traumatic brain injury in Dubai. Here is how the best neuro-rehabilitation clinic Dubai work. Please continue reading to learn more about it.


Different psychological and physical symptoms can occur as a result of traumatic brain injury. Some signs appear after some time; while, some signs appear right after the incident.

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1. Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

The following symptoms can appear after a mild traumatic brain injury:

Physical Symptoms

  • Headache
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Drowsiness or fatigue
  • Problems with speech
  • Sleeping more than usual
  • Loss of balance or dizziness
  • Loss of consciousness for a short time
  • State of being disoriented, dazed, or confused

Sensory Symptoms

  • Sensory problems
  • Sensitivity to sound or light

Cognitive Symptoms

  • Feeling anxious or depressed
  • Mood swings or mood changes
  • Concentration or memory problems

2.  Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries

The signs of mild injury can appear after moderate or severe traumatic brain injury. Moreover, the following symptoms can appear hours or days after the head injury:

Physical Symptoms

  • Loss of coordination
  • Seizures or convulsions
  • Repeated nausea or vomiting
  • Inability to awaken from sleep
  • Persistent or growing headache
  • Loss of consciousness for some time
  • Dilation of both or one pupils of the eyes
  • Numbness or weakness in toes and fingers

Cognitive Symptoms

  • Slurred speech
  • Profound confusion
  • Coma and other disorders of consciousness
  • Combativeness, agitation, or other unusual behavior

Children’s Symptoms

The children who cannot speak may not be able to tell how they feel. The following symptoms can appear in infants and young children:

  • Seizures
  • Drowsiness
  • Change in sleep habits
  • Depressed or sad mood
  • Easy or unusual irritability
  • Variation in ability to pay attention
  • Variation in nursing or eating habits
  • Decrease or no interest in activities once enjoyed
  • Inability to be consoled or persistent crying


A traumatic injury or blow often causes such brain damage. The following incidents often cause it:

  • Falls
  • Violence
  • Sports injuries
  • Vehicle-related collisions
  • Explosive blasts and other combat injuries

Risk factors

The following are more likely to have a traumatic brain injury:

  • Adults of any age
  • Males in any age group
  • Infants to age four children
  • Young adults from age 15 to 24


Different complications can appear right after the traumatic incident. The risk of complications rises due to severe injuries.

Altered Consciousness

The state of consciousness can temporarily or permanently change due to moderate or severe traumatic brain injury. The person can experience the following states of consciousness:

  • Coma
  • Brain death
  • Vegetative state
  • Minimally conscious state

Physical Complications

  • Vertigo
  • Seizures
  • Infections
  • Headaches
  • Blood vessel damage
  • Accumulation of fluid in the brain

If the base of the skull has also been damaged, cranial nerves can also damage causing the following:

  • Dizziness
  • Hearing loss
  • Ringing in the ear
  • Swallowing problems
  • Loss of vision or double vision
  • Altered or loss of sense of taste
  • Altered or loss of sense of smell
  • Losing sensation in the face or Paralysis of facial muscles

Intellectual Problems

If a person has gone through a severe brain injury, the way that person was used to think can change. In such cases, the thought process of the person slows down. The following abilities can suffer:

  • Planning
  • Learning
  • Memory
  • Judgment
  • Reasoning
  • Multitasking
  • Organization
  • Problem-solving
  • Decision-making
  • concentration or Attention
  • Beginning or completing tasks

Communication Problems

The ability of the person to communicate in different ways can also hurt as a result. The following communication problems can arise:

  • Difficulty to write or speak
  • Inability to organize ideas and thoughts
  • Difficulty understanding writing or speech
  • Trouble to participate and follow conversations

Social Problems

  • Difficulty in understanding other people
  • Trouble in understanding different signs
  • Not being able to start or stop conversations
  • Not being able to use muscles needed to form words

Behavioral Changes

The people state the following behavior changes after brain injury:

  • Risky behavior
  • Difficulty with self-control
  • Difficulty in social situations
  • Verbal or physical outbursts
  • Lack of awareness of abilities

Emotional Changes

Notable emotional changes are enlisted below:

  • Anger
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Depression
  • Mood swings
  • Lack of sympathy

Sensory Problems

The following sensory problems can arise:

  • Double vision/blind spots
  • Problems in taste and smell
  • Skin itching, tingling, or pain
  • Continuous ringing in the ears
  • Impaired hand-eye coordination
  • Trouble with dizziness or balance

Degenerative Brain Diseases

If a person suffers from repeated severe brain traumatic injuries, the chances of getting one of the following degenerative brain disease increase:

  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Dementia Pugilistica

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) FAQ’s

Is Traumatic Brain Injury permanent?

Traumatic Brain Injuries can be permanent. A serious TBI can even lead to coma or death in some cases.

What qualifies as a traumatic brain injury?

Any type of sudden damage or a blow that is caused to your head can be classified as a traumatic brain injury. TBI injuries are further classified on the basis of their magnitude.

Can traumatic brain injury heal?

Yes, 20% of all traumatic brain injuries can heal. You will need follow-up checkups for the rest of your life, as they ensure the injury is not going to cause any problem.

What are the long-term effects of traumatic brain injury?

Less than 20% of patients experience long term effects of TBI. Headaches, memory loss, depression, and anxiety are some common symptoms of long-term TBI.

What are the three types of TBI?

Three types of TBI are Mild, Moderate, and Severy injuries. All of them are characterized by loss of consciousness and all of them effect the head.

Does TBI get worse with age?

Yes, in some cases TBI can become worse with age. It is always advisable to have a long-term follow up treatment to know if TBI is becoming worse with age.

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The experts at the Euromed Clinic Center Dubai know how to treat traumatic brain injury treatment. If you or someone around you is suffering from TBI, please get in touch to learn more about traumatic brain injury treatment.

Are you interested in Traumatic Brain Injury treatment? Book your appointment now.

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Dr. Bahjat Balbous

Specialist Psychiatrist
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