This is a disease in which the bones become so weak that they can fracture after falls or even mild stresses like coughing or bending.
What causes osteoporosis?
This is because the bone (a tissue that is constantly being broken down and replaced) is no longer replaced the way it should be, and the creation of new bone is not able to keep up with the removal of the old bone.
What are the symptoms?
Although there are not any specific symptoms in the early stages, certain signs/symptoms that you should be aware of include:
- Back pain
- Loss of height over time
- A curved posture
- Bone fractures (particularly in the spine or hip) that occur much more easily than they should.
How is it diagnosed?
Osteoporosis is usually diagnosed by measuring your bone density through a painless test in which an x-ray machine is used to determine the percentage of minerals in your bone. Patients lie down as a scanner passes over their bodies; the test usually checks the hip, wrist and spine.
How can it be treated?
Treatment is usually determined based on the results of your bone density test. Healthy diet and special exercises may be recommended if you do not have a high risk of fracturing your bones. However, for those at a higher risk, the following treatments may be recommended:
- Hormone-related therapy
- Medications: bisphosphonates are the most commonly used, but if they do not work, your doctor might suggest injection therapies such as Densumab (Prolia) or Teriparatide (Forteo)
Check out our specialist doctor’s profile
Dr. Miodrag Milenkovic
Specialist Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma
Fluent in English, Serbian and French, Dr Miodrag has taken his expertise in countries such as UK, Zimbabwe and his native Serbia, before relocating to the UAE. A Specialist in Orthopedics and Traumatology, he was Specialist Orthopedic Surgeon and acting Consultant at Al Ain Hospital from October 2004 to October 2012 before becoming the Orthopedic Surgeon for Head Trauma services at Al Noor Hospital in 2012.